fruit fly management in guava

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----- FRUIT FLY IN GUAVA In India, the Guava Fruit Fly is one of the important fruit borers of Guava and can cause 80% damage. Poke holes in the lid of a plastic container, then add 1 or 2 inches of apple cider or white wine vinegar to the container. The trap will lure fruit flies into the liquid, where they drown. Guavas should be avoided to extreme and sudden changes in temperature, moisture, fertilizer or soil pH, as unexpected changes may stress plants and draw fruit flies and other pests. USE CHEMICAL INSECTICIDE: Spray Trizaphos 40% EC @ 1 ml/ liter of water. For ready-to-use bait, mixture is diluted with 15 litre of water. 2. Use 40 milliliters of protein spray for every four guava trees. Fruit flies only attack maturing fruit, so early harvesting prevents infestation. Fruit flies lay their eggs inside the fruit and the maggots feed on the flesh. A magnifying glass may help you look for damage. The solution of pheromone was formulated with ethanol, methyl eugenol and malathion (6:4:1). However, it has not acquired a well-established common name as have others such as the Mexican, Caribbean, and Mediterranean fruit flies. Traps with pheromone and baits are used to monitor and to decrease the population density of fruit flies infesting the fruits in the orchard. Trap re-usability: can be used up to 3 seasons if traps is stored in good condition after each season's harvest.. This probably is because it is not considered to be of primary economic importance, although it often is abundant and may be highly destructive to dooryard plantings of some tropical fruits. Guavas thrive in tropical areas, but their adaptability allows them to survive a few degrees of frost in Mediterranean climates. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. The adult Guava Fruit Flies damage the fruits where they lay their eggs causing blemishes and discoloration. The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. Pupal period lasts for 7-34 days. Spray the underside of guava leaves with a protein bait to attract them to one area, making it easier to kill them. Harvest guavas before they ripen fully. Barrix Recommends to use Barrix Catch Fruit Fly Trap. Overripe fruits should be also picked as these are ideal breeding sites for fruit flies. Data regarding fruit fly infestation in Guava orchards at District Kohat are given in Table 1. When to Use: To be used at the stage of Flowering till harvesting.. How many to use: 8 traps / acre or 16 traps / hectare.. Insects that Attack Guava. They are among the most destructive pests. Guavas thrive in tropical areas, but their adaptability allows them to survive a few degrees of frost in Mediterranean climates. Aluja, M. (1996) Future trends in fruit fly management. Wrapping of individual fruits with transparent polypropylene (20μ gauge) bag and paper piece within the polypropylene bag for partial cover to sunlight’ … Two vertical yellow markings on the thorax and the dark T-shaped marking on the abdomen differentiate this species of fly from its close relatives. Reapply the pesticide every week until the infestation is under control. The 2”x 2” water absorbable ply wood pieces were soaked in the solution and fixed in a small plastic jar (Fig. Precautionary measures to protect the mustard crop from white rust. Besides this, fruit and post harvest diseases are also important which causes serious loss. The larvae infest the fruit, rendering it unfit for human consumption. Harvesting guavas before they ripen fully is a good practise for preventing infestation. Eggs are laid singly and hatch in about 2–3 days. Peel of oranges or cucumbers or their fruit pulp, 100 ml ammonia or cow urine, 0.5 litre of water; all mixed well and allowed to stand overnight. Pick up fallen guava fruits before they ripen on the ground and attract pests. Reapply the spray each week. Pick up fallen guava fruits before they ripen on the ground and attract pests. Fruit Insect Pests of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) and Mango (Mangifera indica L.) and their Management in Sudan: A Historic Review Fruit fly infestations often spread quickly, but prompt treatment can get populations under control. The bag provides physical protection from mechanical injuries and act as barrier against pests. When ripe, guavas emit a pungent, musky odor that attracts fruit flies. in Agriculture News Four … Creating awareness among the farmers is very important as mostly farmers are uneducated and they are unaware about the efficient methods to overcome losses. Guava trees produce sweet-smelling fruits with an edible rind and creamy white, yellow or pink flesh. Strategies for Management of Cotton Pink Bollworm, Preventive Measures for Diseases Management, Overcoming Constraints on Wheat Production. The adult female fruit fly place eggs in the flesh of fruits and vegetables. Through the Jazz Bakhabar Kissan Call Centre farmers are able to avail free guidance from the agriculturists and share their problems related to crops and get information about latest technologies and always keep themselves updated. Guava (Psidium guajava Linn.) Set the trap near guava trees. Most of the damage is caused by the larvae that nourishes inside the fruit during its growth and development. Exotic fruit flies, including the Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis), carambola fruit fly (B. caramboloe) and Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens) are highly invasive species that threaten Australia’s fruit production as well as our ability to export to other countries. Harvesting guavas before they ripen fully is a good practise for preventing infestation. Tiny punctures that leak juice when the fruit is squeezed indicate infestation. Fruit fly lay eggs inside the fruit and maggots feed on the fruit flesh. Maintenance: Zero maintenance.. Overripe fruits should be also picked as these are ideal breeding sites for fruit flies. Use Methyl eugenollure traps @ 25nos/ha to monitor and kill adults of fruit fly. Sanitation consists of disposing the infested fruit so fruit fly eggs and larvae don’t survive. Take ½ inch thick cotton rope & cut the rope into 2 inches size, tie the cut ends with thin wire. Crop and field sanitation is also essential for the control of this pest. Biology: Eggs: Eggs are laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. The agriculture experts have advised the farmers to adopt tunnel technology for growing off-season vegetables. 1). As this stage of fruit maturity, crops are not susceptible to attack. The wings are clear with a continuous costal band. Request PDF | Fruit Fly (Bactrocera spp. Management of Fruit Flies (Easy as 1, 2, 3) Management of fruit flies includes field sanitation, protein bait, and trapping. A deep yellow colour (585 nm) was found to attract more fruit flies than fluorescent yellow, brown and orange. correcta,was attracted to yellow followed by orange coloured traps coated with methyl eugenol (Jalaluddin et al. Summer ploughing must be needed because expose pupa. Fruit flies lay their eggs beneath the fruit’s skin, and the maggots feed on the flesh. Fruit fly infestation was significantly influenced by different dates/observation. After emerging the larvae feed on the pulp which looks normal from outside. Guava trees produce sweet smelling fruits with an edible rind, with a creamy white, yellow or pink flesh. Fruit fly Management: Low-cost Traps & Lures Preparation Make 3 windows of 1 inch each with a knife at 3 inches from top of used 1 litre water bottle. Seal infested fruits in a plastic bag. Pest Control for Guava Fruit. Therefore, it is very important to keep up-to-date information about the fruit fly populations of the genus Anastrepha, one of the main groups of pests in the fruit- and horticulture of the Neotropical Region. Guava fruit fly,B. Ploughing the topsoil 5-10 cm deep is good for its control. As a result fruits rot and infestation spread rapidly. B. tau was attracted to yellow traps (Sood & Nath 1998). ): A Major Threat to Guava Production and Its Integrated Management | Guava (Psidium guajava Linn.) To monitor fruit fly activity hang male lure traps under the shady canopy, where flies tend to rest. Fruit flies are among the world’s most serious pests of different horticultural crops due to their direct impact on economy. There were significant variations in observation means of fruit fly infestation in Guava orchards during both the years (2010 and 2011) at District Kohat. Make a fruit fly trap. Guava fruits are amazingly rich in antioxidants, vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. However, Anastrepha striatais an important pest in the American tropi… Larvae - Dark brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs, larval period lasts for 18-47 days. Leave the bag outside in the sun for several days, then dispose of it in the garbage. Fruit fly infestations often spread quickly, but if preventive measures are taken, then the loss can be overcome and its population can be greatly decreased. 309 – 323 in McPheron, B.A. Harvest guavas before they ripen fully. Precautionary measures to protect the mustard crop from white rust. ABSTRACT. We carried out a study to characterize fruit fly populations on an organic guava orchard (Psidium guajava cv. Cut open fruit to look for larvae. Fruit fly is the most serious pest of different horticultural crops among the world & it is also the most destructive pest. Instructions to control aphids on wheat crops. Jazz Bakhabar Kissan service is helping farmers to overcome the losses due to fruit fly attack. Large numbers of flies can be expected after good falls of summer rain; fruit flies become active after periods of rain or high humidity. Total life cycle is completed in 1 to 2 months. A farmer’s participatory approach was used to popularize the application of pheromone traps in guava field as an IPM treatment. Add one or two drops of unscented liquid dish soap. Fruit flies only attack maturing fruit, so early harvesting prevents infestation. As fruit flies only attack matured fruits, so early harvesting prevents infestation. Two useful recipes for fruit fly bait (reference 7) 1. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly. Fruit fly trouble begins as the weather warms in August. , and Mediterranean fruit flies, from damaging the fruits in the garbage its growth development. Be removed, as they are capable of spreading further infestation fly larvae and/or eggs, 6 …... 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